Soldiers were standing guard at the entrance and around the buildings. Then on December 7,while my brother and I were having late breakfast I turned on the radio and heard the flash—"Pearl Harbor bombed by the Japanese!
It was no use just sitting there, so we went to work cleaning the stall. My family unit of two was scheduled to leave with the next to the last group at As a result of the interview, my family name was reduced to No.
United States, the Court upheld the detentions as a military necessity, just as the U. The order in practice reflects a long tradition of xenophobia in the United States, especially in regards to people of Asian descent. We took one last look at our happy home.
We tagged our baggage with the family number,and pinned the personal tags on ourselves; we were ready at last.
Sleep finally overtook us around midnight. Those Japanese Americans Citizen 13660 or alien 13660 to their previous homes found they had lost their property and had no income or money with which to start their lives.
I was asked to enter one of the slightly partitioned and curtained compartments and was ordered to undress. By the s and early s many Sensi, or Japanese-Americans who were born in the camps, were incensed about what had happened to their parents and grandparents and that it had all been forgotten, brushed under the rug, so to speak.
We looked for an empty place but could find none. I had a cold most of the time. We walked in and dropped our things inside the entrance. Conditions here were somewhat better, and eventually restrictions were loosened making life more bearable until they finally left.
Because the partitions were low and there were many holes in the boards they were made of, the crackling of the straw and the noises from the other stalls were incessant. Columbia University Press, This was necessary because of the social and economic vultures preying upon the unfortunates expecting to be evacuated.
On February 19,by executive order of the President, the enemy alien problem was transferred from the Department of Justice to the War Department. Race tracks and county fair grounds were changed overnight into assembly centers surrounded by military police and barbed wire.
At Barrack 16 we were unloaded with our goods.Mine Okubo was one ofpeople of Japanese descent--nearly two-thirds of them American citizens -- who were rounded up into "protective custody" shortly after Pearl Harbor. Citizenher memoir of life in relocation centers in California and Utah, was first published inthen reissued by University of Washington Press in with a /5(3).
CitizenOkubo's graphic memoir of life in relocation centers in California and Utah, illuminates this experience with poignant illustrations and witty, candid text. Now available with a new introduction by Christine Hong and in a wide-format artist edition, this graphic novel can reach a new generation of readers and scholars.2/5(16).
Mine Okubo. Excerpt from Citizen On February 19,by executive order of the President, the enemy alien problem was transferred from the Department of Justice to the War Department. Restriction of German and Italian enemy aliens and evacuation of all American citizens and aliens of Japanese ancestry was ordered.
Citizen is the first personal account of what life was like for people in a Japanese internment camp. It was originally published inbut went out of print in the s when people wanted to forget the war.
The following excerpt from Citizen describes the shock of evacuation to an assembly center and what they found when they arrived. Things to remember while reading excerpts from Citizen About 70 percent of Japanese Americans were U.S. citizens, having been born in the United States.
from Citizen by Mine okubo- they have to go to internment camps.
Alien citizen. A person who has US citizenship but is still viewed as an alien This person is considered a perpetual foreigner to the us Life magazine-Dec 22, Compared chinese vs. japanese .Download